الأربعاء، 13 فبراير 2013
Abu Dharr reported: It was said to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, “What is your opinion about a person who performs good deeds and the people praise him?” He said, “It is glad tidings for a believer.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book 32, Number 6388]
عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَرَأَيْتَ الرَّجُلَ يَعْمَلُ الْعَمَلَ مِنْ الْخَيْرِ وَيَحْمَدُهُ النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ تِلْكَ عَاجِلُ بُشْرَى الْمُؤْمِنِ
2642 صحيح مسلم كتاب البر والصلة والآداب باب إذا أثني على الصالح فهي بشرى ولا تضره
مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ * بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَا يَبْغِيَانِ ﴿سورة الرحمن﴾... سبحان الله
“He has set free the two seas meeting together. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress.” [55:19-20] Surat Ar-Rahman… Subhan Allah
Broadly, Islam has five categories of Do's and Dont's.
(i) 'Farz' i.e compulsory
(ii) 'Mustahab' i.e recommended or encouraged
(iii) 'Mubah' i.e permissible
(iv) 'Makruh' i.e 'not recommended' or discouraged
(v) 'Haram' i.e prohibited or forbidden
Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Verily, I know the last of the people of Paradise to enter it and the last of the people of Hell to come out of it. He is a man who is brought on the Day of Resurrection and it will be said: Present his minor sins to him and withhold his major sins. Then the minor sins will be placed before him and it will be said: On this day you did such-and-such, and this day you did such-and-such. He will say yes. It is not possible for him to deny it, while he will be afraid that his major sins will be presented before him. It will be said: In place of every evil deed you will receive one good deed. He will say: My Lord, I have done other things I do not see here.” Abu Dharr said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, laugh until I could see his front teeth.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Number 365]
عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنِّي لَأَعْلَمُ آخِرَ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا الْجَنَّةَ وَآخِرَ أَهْلِ النَّارِ خُرُوجًا مِنْهَا رَجُلٌ يُؤْتَى بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيُقَالُ اعْرِضُوا عَلَيْهِ صِغَارَ ذُنُوبِهِ وَارْفَعُوا عَنْهُ كِبَارَهَا فَتُعْرَضُ عَلَيْهِ صِغَارُ ذُنُوبِهِ فَيُقَالُ عَمِلْتَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا كَذَا وَكَذَا وَعَمِلْتَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا كَذَا وَكَذَا فَيَقُولُ نَعَمْ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُنْكِرَ وَهُوَ مُشْفِقٌ مِنْ كِبَارِ ذُنُوبِهِ أَنْ تُعْرَضَ عَلَيْهِ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ فَإِنَّ لَكَ مَكَانَ كُلِّ سَيِّئَةٍ حَسَنَةً فَيَقُولُ رَبِّ قَدْ عَمِلْتُ أَشْيَاءَ لَا أَرَاهَا هَا هُنَا فَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ضَحِكَ حَتَّى بَدَتْ نَوَاجِذُهُ
190 صحيح مسلم كتاب الإيمان باب أدنى أهل الجنة منزلة فيها
"Abu Bakr was like that when I was more misguided than my family's camel"
Jubair ibn Nafeer related that group of men said to Umar ibn al-Khattaab,
“We have never met any man who judges more justly than you do; nor any man who speaks the truth more reliably and consistently than you do; nor a man who is more severe against the hypocrites than you are, O Leader of the Believers. After the Messenger of Allah you are the best of people.”
Awf ibn Maalik did not even give Umar a chance to respond to their praise instead he quickly interjected,
“By Allah, you are all lying. After the Messenger of Allah (died), we have indeed seen someone who is better (than Umar).”
“Who is that man?”
- someone asked.
“Abu Bakr (radiyAllahu anh).”
“Awf has spoken the truth and the rest of you have lied. By Allah, Abu Bakr was better than the fragrance of al-Misk (the best kind of perfume) and he was like that at a time when I was more misguided than my family’s camel.”
Umar was referring to when he was still a polytheist for Abu Bakr embraced Islam six years before he did the same.
(Manaaqib Umar, by ibn al-Jawzi, pg. 14 and Mahd as-Sawaab, 2/586)
It is a sign of humbleness to show respect to one’s superiors. Umar as illustrated in the previous example paid respect not just to the living but also to the dead. With the passing of years, some people forgot about the best of the Prophet’s Companions, Abu Bakr. But Umar did not let them forget; instead he reminded them about Abu Bakr’s superiority and about his noble character. Umar’s response – “Awf has spoken the truth, and the rest of you have lied, By Allah, Abu Bakr was better than the fragrance of al-Misk – was a testimony both to his loyalty and to his strong faith.