In this research we are going to make a scientific analysis for many events in day of resurrection to prove that the Qur'an doesn’t contradict with science and the scientific realities … Day of resurrection is the most important day for all human being and Allah almighty with His mercy is visualizing that day for us as if we are seeing it.
Therefore the last descended verse from Allah almighty on His prophet was the following verse: (And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allah. Then every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.)(Sûrat Al-Baqarah-verse281).
Hence, all of us must be ready for that day and should know that all people will stand in front of their God as He will ask them about their deeds (Good and Bad) as He almighty says to us: (And verily this (the Qur'an) is indeed a Reminder for you (O Muhammad) and your people (Quraish people, or your followers), and you will be questioned (about it).)(Sûrat Az-Zukhruf-verse44), but atheists think that when they die, everything will be finished.
Allah almighty use the scientific realities and swear by cosmic phenomena that day of judgment will defiantly come and He says :(And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.)
(Sûrat Al-Kahf -verse49).
But again, atheists will deny these verses as they only believe in the scientific realities as some of those people may wonder about the following verse: (And they will say to their skins, "Why do you testify against us?" They will say: "Allah has caused us to speak as He causes all things to speak: and He created you the first time, and to Him you are made to return.")(Sûrat Fussilat-verse21) how can our skin speaks and testifies against us?
Allah almighty says :( Then when the heaven is rent asunder, and it becomes rosy or red like red-oil, or red hide) (Sûrat Ar-Rahmân -verse37), in this verse Allah tells us about a scene in day of resurrection as the heaven will rent asunder and will become like a red flower, recently, the scientists had discovered that some stars millions of light years far from us are exploded which resulted what we see in the above photo. The photo looks like a red flower which is the same as what Allah told us in the Qur'an 1400 years ago.
What we see is not an image of what will happen in the day of resurrection but it is just a representation of what will happen.
In another verse Allah says about another scene of day of resurrection: (When the sun is wound round and its light is lost and is overthrown)(Sûrat At-Takwîr -verse 1), indeed we can't see the sun is wound round but we can see thousands of stars die and collapse in the space which is another small representation of what will happen.
Also Allah says about what will happen in day of resurrection that sun and moon will be clustered together , Allah says: (And the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light).)(Sûrat Al-Qiyâmah-verse 9).
Today scientists tell us about a new research which talks about the probability of sun to swallow moon and they maybe joined together. Indeed this will not be the day of resurrection but from the scientific point of view it can be happened.
Allah says: (And when the seas become as blazing Fire or overflow) (Sûrat At-Takwîr -verse 6), also in this life we will not see that happening, but in many areas in the world we can see a small scene of what will happen in the day of resurrection as in the deep of seas there are cracks where the lava flow out of it which heat the water up to 1000 degree. In another verse Allah almighty swear by this phenomenon by saying: (And by the sea kept filled (or it will be fire kindled on the Day of Resurrection).* Verily, the Torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.)(Sûrat At-Tûr-verse6-7).
Here, we have to realize that Allah almighty talks with us in a scientific language because what Allah tells us in Qur'an about scenes of day of resurrection can be founded in this world but in a small representation.
Also in this verse a link between the scientific facts and torment of Allah , as in the bottom of oceans there is a circle called the fire circle which is surrounded by a circle of thousands of kilometers of lava as if the ocean is burning, again Allah says: (And by the sea kept filled (or it will be fire kindled on the Day of Resurrection).* Verily, the Torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.)(Sûrat At-Tûr-verse6-7). The divine statement made a wonderful link between the burning sea and the divine torment but the torment in day of resurrection is definitely huge.
Also if we look attentively at the previous verses, we find that any explosion starts with an increase in temperature which is the heating phase and that will be followed by the explosion. Allah says in Sûrat At-Takwîr (And when the seas become as blazing Fire or overflow) (Sûrat At-Takwîr -verse 6) and then in the next Sûrat Allah says: (And when the seas are burst forth)(Sûrat Al-Infitâr-verse 3).
Form this sequence we can understand why Allah said blazing Fire first and said burst forth after that, He almighty wants to let the belief to go inside our hearts and not to believe atheists and disbelievers who say that Mohamed had forgot so that one time he says blazing Fire and another time says seas are burst forth.
Allah almighty says: (When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake.*and when the earth throws out its burdens.)(Sûrat Az-Zalzalah-verse1-2), look at the word burdens which means that inside earth there are burdens. Scientists say that if we descend down earth, the density increases so that the deeper the earth the heavier its contents. Glory to Allah! Who told that illiterate man about this scientific reality?
WHAT IS MEANT BY THESE SCIENTIFIC FACTS?
Human brain is limited, so that Allah almighty wants to visualize events of day of resurrection to us so that we obey Him and adhere to be away of sins and wrong behaviors. For example Allah created for us milk and honey to make us believe in heaven when He almighty told us in many verses that people in heaven will drink from rivers full of honey and milk.
The most important point that every one must understand is that we study scientific miracles in Qur'an and Sunnah not to strengthen our faith but to encourage ourselves to look attentively around us to believe in Allah almighty the one God and only creator. Allah says about believers: (and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to you! (Exalted are you above all that they associate with you as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.)(Sûrat Âl-‘Imrân-verse 191).
Therefore we must respond to Allah and to study different types of sciences such as chemistry, physics, astronomy and seas, etc…….
References: 1- McGowen, Tom. Radioactivity: From the Curies to the Atomic Age, Watts, 1986. 2- Robinson, M.R. Our Universe, Scientific American, 1993. 3- A. Nordlund, P. Padoan, Star Formation and the Initial Mass Function, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2003. 4- E Papantonopoulos, The Physics of the Early Universe, Springer,2005. 5- Earthquake Facts and Statistics, http://www.usgs.gov/, 01 October 2007. 6- http://pubs.usgs.gov/publications/text/inside.html 7- Scientists Catch Underwater Volcanic Eruption "In Action" in Pacific Ocean Depths, The National Science Foundation, November 27, 2006.
عندما يولد الانسان يؤذن فى اذنه من غير صلاة وعندما يموت يصلى عليه من غير آذان وكأن حياتك ما هى الا الوقت الذي تقضيه بين الآذان والصلاة
The adhan is made in the newborn’s ear at birth while the prayer is delayed till his death – A sign how brief life can be just like the time between the adhan and the prayer.
but also scientists have lately discovered that the Dead sea where the battle took place is the lowest point on earth (423 m or 1388 ft below sea level) exactly as it was described in Qur'an. [www.Geology.com/below-sea-level]
☾And it was not [possible] for this Qur'an to be produced by other than Allah (God), but [it is] a confirmation of what was before it and a detailed explanation of the [former] Scripture, about which there is no doubt, from the Lord of the worlds☽ [Qur'an 10:37]
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "No one who has entered Jannah will desire to return to this world even if he should be given all that the world contains, except a martyr. For he will yearn that he should return to the world and be killed ten times on account of the dignity that he will experience by virtue of his martyrdom.'' Another narration is: "On account of the excellence and distinction, he will experience as a result of martyrdom.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Many Christians claim that, as Jesus is called "son of God" in the New Testament, that this means that the people who wrote those scriptures believed that he was God.
The evidence against this is that people are called "son of God" in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), yet no-one, neither Jewish nor Christian, believes that they are God.
The term "Son of God" as used in the Bible has absolutely nothing to do with a person being God, or having any share in divinity. It is a metaphorical term meaning someone who is close to God.
we read in the Bible ⇩ ⇩
Adam "the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God." [Luke 3:38]
Israel (Jacob) "This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son." [Exodus 4:22]
David " I will be his father, and he will be my son." [2 Samuel 7:13-4]
Ephraim [Jeremiah 31:9]
people as the children / son of God: "You are the children of the Lord your God." [Deuteronomy 14:1]
"I said, 'You are "gods'; you are all sons of the Most High." [Psalm 82:6] also [Matthew 5:9] [John 1:12] [Luke 6:35] [Matthew 5:44-5] [Matthew 4:48] [2 Corinthians 6:18] [Romans 8:14] [Hosea 1:10] [Deuteronomy 32:8] [Deuteronomy 14:1]
Therefore, if the early Christians also called Jesus as the "Son of God," they would have meant it in a way consistent with the way the term is used in the Hebrew Bible.
He was called "son of God" as he was one of these pious men, the prophecy says he wil be CALLED not that he will be literally the son of God.
◄ Luke 1:32 ► "He will be great and will be CALLED the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of HIS FATHER DAvid"
The early Christians were all Jews (by race), and familiar with Jewish scripture. and their idea about sonship was not more than metaphorical way to describe the new relation or covenant that was granted to the followers of prophet Jesus message, and how they become as the other so called "sons of God", who were no more than pious people and pure in the sight of God.
Jewish Encyclopedia says: "The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha contain a few passages in which the title "son of God" is given to the Messiah (see Enoch, cv. 2; IV Esdras vii. 28-29; xiii. 32, 37, 52; xiv. 9); but the title belongs also to any one whose piety has placed him in a filial relation to God (see Wisdom ii. 13, 16, 18; v. 5, where "the sons of God" are identical with "the saints"; comp. Ecclus. [Sirach] iv. 10). It is through such personal relations that the individual becomes conscious of God's fatherhood, and gradually in Hellenistic and rabbinical literature "sonship to God" was ascribed first to every Israelite and then to every member of the human race (Abot iii. 15, v. 20; Ber. v. 1)" [http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13912-son-of-god]
This Gentile misunderstanding of the Hebrew terms has perpetuated into Christianity today, and is probably also partly responsible for the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.
These Gentile Christians did not have the knowledge of scripture which the Jewish Christians had, therefore they probably misinterpreted the term "Son of God" to mean Jesus was divine.
The Christian beliefs, as most Christians believe in them today, are not the beliefs of the earliest Christians, who were Jews and would have had a Jewish understanding of scripture.
وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَلَدًا ۗ سُبْحَانَهُ ۚ بَلْ عِبَادٌ مُّكْرَمُونَ And they say, "The Most Merciful has taken a son." Exalted is He! Rather, they are [but] honored servants. [Quran 21:26]