Here are some facts about the environmental balance and how the Qur'an told us about these facts which testify that Allah almighty is the Great God, let us read….
Nowadays, people are concerned about the environment and the scientists realized the importance of the environmental balance and its effect on the life of all creatures (plants, animals, human) especially after the huge excreted amount of Pollutants in the twenty century.
Many decades ago, there were no pollution but in the last few years number of factories increased also the transportation methods increased which produces large amount of contaminated materials which causes dangerous diseases such as cancer.
That pollution had affected the aquatic organisms like fish also animals and plants. But God with His mercy put many filtration methods in these plants to purify the air from the poisoned materials.
As we know, the plant absorbs the carbon Gas and it releases the oxygen which helps human in breathing. The most strange thing is that amount of plants on earth is suitable for the size of the atmosphere.
There is an accurate balance between what the human gets from oxygen and between the amounts of released oxygen by plants. There is another balance between the released amount of carbon gas by human and the amount of carbon taken by the plants. Glory to Allah, the Qur'an told us about such environmental balance in a time when no one knows anything about the environment or the balance. God says: (And the earth we have spread out, and have placed therein firm mountains, and caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion.)(Sûrat A-Hijr- verse 19).
Look at the preciseness of the words of the Qur'an as God be He blessed and exalted tells us that all kinds of things are in due proportion. For example the oxygen in the air is 21%, this percentage if it is more than that the earth may burn from the first spark and if it is less than that all creatures will suffocates.
Also the carbon gas is less than 1%, if the percentage is more than that, human will die and if it is less than that percentage all plants will die and life will stop.
If we go inside a cell of any green plant we can see a continuous manufacturing operation for the green material which produces grains and fruits.
The Qur'an told us about these operations, God says :( It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe)(Sûrat Al-An’âm- verse 99).The Qur'an told us that the green material is formed first then the grains and fruits get out of the plants, that was confirmed by the modern science.
Every drop of water testifies that the creator is great, Allah almighty who created every thing in due proportion, any imbalance in life will cause a definite end of the world. Now we are living in the era of unbalancing as we hear about what is called the global warming We ask our God to save us from the evil of the environmental changes.
Hence, we ask a question, did prophet Mohamed (peace be upon him) study the plants and did he examine it under the microscopes? What makes that illiterate man to speak about these scientific issues? The answer is because he got all of his knowledge from God be He blessed and exalted who tough him every thing.
The Qur'an told us about the botany in many verses, here we have to mention that the Qur'an is the first book to speak about the existence of pairs in plants from hundreds of years before the modern science, God says :( Glory be to Him who has created all the pairs of that which the earth produces, as well as of their own (human) kind (male and female), and of that which they know not.)(Sûrat Yâ-Sîn- verse 36) also He says :( And who has created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and cattle on which you ride) (Sûrat AZ-Zukhruf- verse 12).
So, I say to the atheists: is it possible for an illiterate man who lives in desert in the seventh century to tell us about this information which is identical with the modern science?
1- Ride, Sally, and O'Shaughnessy, Tom. The Third Planet (Crown, 1994).